Human papillomavirus type 52
Do all types of HPV cause cancer?
Department of Ophthalmology, Grigore T. E-mail: moc. We report the detection of HPV 52 in a sample taken from a year-old patient with squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva of the left eye. The human papillomavirus type 52 used for the detection of HPV was real time polymerase chain reaction.
The evolution was favorable after surgical removal of the tumor and the patient was explained that long-term follow-up is essential to avoid recurrence. Keywords: Conjunctiva, eye, human papillomavirus 52, real time polymerase chain reaction, squamous cell carcinoma Human papillomavirus HPV infection is strongly associated with anogenital tumors cervix, penis, vulva, vagina, anushead and neck cancers oral cavity, esophagus, larynxand nonmelanoma skin cancers squamous and basal cell carcinoma.
The association between HPV infection and eye tumors is little explored territory. Di Girolamo brings forward a human papillomavirus type 52 theory that explains cancerogenesis in OSSN: The first hit is mediated by ultraviolet radiation exposure that causes genetic alteration and the second hit is mediated by HPV infection in the susceptible cells.
Case Report We present a unique case of squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva examined and treated in June The year-old patient presented at the Ophthalmology Department for mild stinging sensation and redness in the left eye for almost 1-year and a half. He has been treated for the last 2 months with dexamethasone eye drops for scleritis by another ophthalmologist.
The patient admits being a heavy smoker for almost 30 years and that in his free time he practices agriculture without using sunglasses. All other ophthalmological findings were normal.
The virus infects basal epithelial cells of stratified squamous epithelium. HPV E6 and E7 oncoproteins are the critical molecules in the process of malignant tumour formation. Interacting with various cellular proteins, E6 and E7 influence fundamental cellular functions like cell cycle regulation, telomere maintenance, susceptibility to apoptosis, intercellular adhesion and regulation of immune responses. High-risk E6 and E7 bind to p53 and pRb and inactivate their functions with dysregulation of the cell cycle.
Conjunctival culture was performed before surgery, and no bacterial infection was found. The CT scan of the head and simptom de infecție cu giardia showed no signs of tumor invasion of the orbit or the lymph nodes.
Human papillomavirus type 16 lesion.
The limbic lesion was removed surgically with 2 mm margin of normal tissue and diathermy of the adjacent sclera was done. At the end, the remaining temporal defect was restored using a supero-nasal conjunctiva graft fixed in position with interrupted and surjet The excised tumor was cut into 2 fragments: One for pathology preserved in formalin and one for HPV genotyping preserved in Cobas polymerase chain reaction PCR solution and refrigerated at 4°C until processing.
Description Informații generale și recomandări Conform datelor actuale infecția persistentă cu genotipuri HPV de risc crescut oncogene, hrHPV reprezintă condiția necesară pentru dezvoltarea cancerului cervical și a leziunilor sale precursoare. Practic, prezența tipurilor HPV oncogene a fost demonstrată în aproape toate cazurile de cancer cervical. Pentru HPV68 există mai puține dovezi, motiv pentru care a fost considerat carcinogen 2A probabil carcinogen. Cercetătorii au constatat de asemenea că adăugarea la grupul celor 13 tipuri HPV cu risc crescut carcinogene 1 și 2A a celor 7 tipuri HPV posibil carcinogene a crescut cu 2. Din acest motiv, s-ar impune o nouă clasificare a tipurilor HPV carcinogene.
Histopathology exam showed a moderate differentiated keratinized squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva without koilocytosis [Figs.